Coalition Support Funds

Coalition Support Funds At A Glance

Security Aid $1,400,000,000 (2017)
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Coalition Support Funds (CSF) refers to money from the Defense Emergency Response Fund (DERF) that is eligible to be used to reimburse coalition partners for logistical and military support to U.S. military operations.

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Coalition Support Funds (CSF) refers to money from the Defense Emergency Response Fund (DERF) that is eligible to be used to reimburse coalition partners for logistical and military support to U.S. military operations. Initially created by the Defense Appropriations Act for FY 2002, the law permitted DERF money to be available for payments to Pakistan and Jordan for logistical and military support provided to U.S. military operations related to Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. These payments were authorized to be made in amounts determined as appropriate by the Secretary of Defense with documentation deemed adequate by the Secretary. Prior to any allocation of funds, the Defense Department was required to notify Congress at least 15 days in advance. At the onset of the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, President Bush also requested these funds be used to reimburse allied nations for support of operations in Iraq, authority that Congress granted in the Supplemental Appropriations Act for FY 2003. The FY2006 NDAA authorized reimbursements for any “key” coalition country offering support for the wars in Afghanistan or Iraq was eligible for CSF. These funds have been drawn from the Defense Operations and Management account. Finally, the law required the Secretary of Defense to consult with the Director of OMB, and receive concurrence from the Secretary of State before providing funds to allies. The FY2017 NDAA authorizes $1.1 billion to reimburse coalition partners for their contributions to U.S. operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria. Of the $900 million available for Pakistan, $400 million is contingent on Pakistan taking steps against the Haqqani network and Pakistan not using its military to persecute minority groups seeking political or religious freedom.

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