Excess Defense Articles

Excess Defense Articles At A Glance

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The Excess Defense Articles authority allows the U.S. government to transfer used U.S. defense equipment from U.S. military stockpiles to foreign security forces. Separated by the Security Assistance Monitor, equipment provided under this heading only includes Excess Defense Articles that the United States gave to foreign countries.

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Under section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (P.L. 87-195), the U.S. government has the authority to transfer defense articles in excess of U.S. Approved Force Acquisition Objective and Approved Force Retention Stock to foreign countries.  Most transfers are given away at no cost, but they may also be sold, loaned or leased to recipient countries. This portion of the Security Assistance Monitor database only includes such defense articles given to foreign countries. All Excess Defense Article (EDA) transactions are coordinated by Security Assistance Organizations (SAOs) at U.S. embassies, individual armed services and the Defense Security Cooperation Agency. The armed service overseeing a transfer determines the current value of EDA. The President is authorized to transfer EDA on a grant basis to countries that the State Department defines as eligible, though a foreign government may not acquire more than $350 million of EDA during any given fiscal year. Restrictions on EDA transfers mandate that items must be drawn from existing Defense Department (DOD) stocks; that DOD cannot buy the items for the sole purpose of transferring them; and that the transfer must not harm the U.S. armed forces' level of readiness, among others. Priority delivery of EDA is given to NATO member countries and major non-NATO allies. If the original value of a proposed EDA transfer exceeds $7 million, section 516 requires that the President provide 30 days' advance notice to Congress. Annual reporting must detail amounts of EDA transferred to each country in the past FY, separating sales and grants.


Foreign Assistance Act of 1961Public Law 87–195, (Sec. 516), Public Law 87–195,(pg190) 

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