Foreign Military Sales

Foreign Military Sales At A Glance

Arms Sales $530,186,000 (2015)
Trainees 14,228 (2015)
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The Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program manages government-to-government purchases of U.S. defense articles and defense services on the U.S. Munitions List. 

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The Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program manages government-to-government purchases of U.S. defense articles and defense services on the U.S. Munitions List from U.S. military stockpiles or new production. A foreign military or international governmental organization buying U.S. defense equipment and services through the FMS program does not deal directly with the U.S. private company.  FMS is distinguished from the Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) program, which covers commercail sales of defense articles and defense services between foreign governments and private U.S. companies, and the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program, which provides grants and loans for FMS and DCS purchases. Importantly, Security Assistance Monitor data shows both FMS arms and contruction sales. The Defense Department serves as an intermediary, usually handling procurement, logistics and delivery and often providing product support and training.  Security Assistance Organizations (SAOs) and military personnel stationed at U.S. embassies promote the sale of U.S.-produced defense items and carry out most tasks associated with managing FMS ''cases'' or agreements to make a sale. SAOs advise foreign defense ministries on potential military purchases.  Countries desiring closer military-to-military contact with the United States will opt for an FMS sale, but the sales often take more than a year (and sometimes much longer) from purchase request to delivery. Contact between military officers occurs at all stages of the sale.  FMS sales are often less expensive, particularly for more advanced items. Countries with limited experience in negotiating complex procurement contracts find FMS convenient, as the Pentagon negotiates with the arms manufacturer and handles the paperwork.  Each year, the Defense Security Cooperation Agency publishes a report describing the overall amounts of actual FMS transfers to foreign countries. 

Military vs. Economic Aid

Security Assistance Monitor tracks all available data about U.S. security and humanitarian & development assistance provided to this country. For a dollar amount breakdown of how much aid this country receives and which programs are supplying assistance, click "view data set." Note: This year's figures reflect the U.S. government's estimates of expected spending, and numbers for next year represent the administration's request to Congress.
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Security Assistance Monitor tracks all available data about the United States' training of this country's security forces. For information about how the number of security forces trained each year by the United States, including detailed information about the subject of the training, where that training takes place, and who is being trained, click "view data set."
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Arms Sales

Security Assistance Monitor tracks all available data about U.S. arms sales to this country. For detailed information on equipment, weapons and military services sold to this country, click "view data set." Note: This is not grant aid: these are items that governments purchase with their own funds.
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3/5/17 | Blog
Commerce Department Boosts U.S. Arms Sales Deliveries to Record High

U.S. arms sales deliveries jumped to more than $25 billion in FY 2015, increasing the total value of U.S. arms deliveries by at least $5 billion over recent years, according to latest data from...

2/13/17 | Fact Sheets
U.S. Proposed Arms Sales to Saudi Arabia

Since the start of Fiscal Year 2016 the United States has authorized at least $20.5 billion in arms sales to Saudi Arabia. This fact sheet provides an overview of each authorized sale.

9/7/16 | Fact Sheets
U.S. Arms Transfers to Saudi Arabia and the War in Yemen

The debate over the recent U.S. offer to sell M1A2 Abrams battle tanks to Saudi Arabia has raised the question of Saudi dependency on U.S. equipment for its defense needs in general and for the prosecution of its war in Yemen in particular. Saudi Arabia has requested up to 153 tanks, 20 of which...



2/9/17 | News
L 3 Fuzing Ordnance Systems Inc. Awarded $US51 Million Defense Contract - See more at:$US51-Million-Defense-Contract#sthash.3XAxq6qH.dpuf
A US$51,852,276 firm-fixed-price contract has been awarded to L-3 Fuzing Ordnance Systems Inc. - See more at:$US51-Million-Defense-Contract#sthash.3XAxq6qH.dpuf
2/2/17 | News
Kazakhstan's Defense Ministry Receives Fourth Huey Helicopter
Kazakhstan's ministry of defense received its fourth Huey helicopter from the United States under the U.S. foreign military sales program.
2/2/17 | News
Raytheon Contracted for Patriot Missile Support
Raytheon received a $202 million foreign military sales contract to provide engineering services for its Patriot weapon system.

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