Senate Committee on Appropriations Report on S.1434, Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Bill, 2010

Bill Number: 
S. Rept. 111-044
Bill Status: 
Bill Location: 
Date of Last Action: 
Thursday, July 9, 2009
Relevant Text: 

50-869 PDF

Calendar No. 103

111TH CONGRESS

Report

SENATE

1st Session

111-44

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2010

July 9, 2009- Ordered to be printed

Mr. LEAHY, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the following
REPORT
[To accompany S. 1434]

The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 1434) making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2010, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.

Amounts in new budget authority
Total of bill as reported to the Senate
$48,858,900,000

Amount of 2009 appropriations
50,758,813,000
Amount of 2010 budget estimate
52,202,963,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
2009 appropriations
-1,899,913,000
2010 budget estimate
-3,344,063,000

TITLE I

DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
REPORT

Organization of American States.--The Committee supports the OAS and is concerned with the fiscal difficulties it faces. There is also a concern that the OAS may be stretched too thin and that it should focus where it can have the most impact, consistent with its mission. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a report not later than 90 days after enactment of this act, detailing OAS advisory contracts signed during the previous 12 months, efforts by the OAS Secretary General to put the OAS on a solid financial footing including by reducing operating expenses, and the implementation and progress of OAS projects that receive U.S. funding.

RELATED AGENCY

BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS

INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2009
1 $704,187,000
Budget estimate, 2010
732,187,000

Committee recommendation
717,828,000
1 The enacted level includes $698,187,000 from Public Law 111-8 and $6,000,000 from Public Law 110-252.

The Committee recommends $717,828,000 for International Broadcasting Operations, which is $14,359,000 below the request, for the operating and engineering costs of VOA, OCB, RFE/RL, RFA, MBN, and the BBG.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Program Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
International Broadcasting Bureau:
Voice of America 201,828 204,547 +2,719
Broadcasting to Cuba 32,474 17,474 -15,000
Engineering and Technical Services 188,541 189,399 +858
Agency Direction 28,247 26,247 -2,000
IBB Management and Support 39,809 39,809
Subtotal, IBB 490,899 477,476 -13,423

Independent Grantee Organizations:
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty 91,063 91,063
Radio Free Asia 36,648 36,648
Middle East Broadcasting Networks 113,577 112,641 -936
Subtotal, Grantees 241,288 240,352 -936
Total, International Broadcasting Operations 732,187 717,828 -14,359
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cuba- The Committee is concerned with reports, including by the GAO, that United States Government-funded TV and radio broadcasts to Cuba are routinely jammed by the Cuban Government and may be having little effect. The Committee includes a provision requiring a report on the efficacy of this program, and alternative options for using the funds to reach a larger audience in Cuba. The Committee believes that absent reliable data that the broadcasts are cost effective, alternative approaches for communicating with the Cuban people, including DVDs, cell phones, and other handheld electronic devices should be considered.

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY

Appropriations, 2009
$115,000,000

Budget estimate, 2010
100,000,000
Committee recommendation
120,000,000

The Committee recommends $120,000,000 for the National Endowment for Democracy, which is $20,000,000 above the budget request.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

RELATED PROGRAMS

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Country/program Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa 15,655 15,655
Asia 16,547 16,547
Central and Eastern Europe 5,486 5,486
Eurasia 11,511 11,511
Latin America/Caribbean 14,976 14,976
Middle East/North Africa 15,420 15,420
Multiregional 6,651 6,651

Other Programs 20,000 +20,000
Administration 11,504 11,504
Democratic Activities 2,250 2,250
Total, NED 100,000 120,000 +20,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Financial Plan.--The Committee directs NED to submit an annual financial plan not later than 60 days after enactment of this act, detailing the proposed distribution of funds including programmatic goals for each country or region and how the planned use of funds will meet such goals. The Committee expects NED to consult with the Committee on any proposed deviation from the allocated funding levels, and to apportion core funds in the traditional and customary fashion among the core institutes.

TITLE III

BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2009
1 $2,000,000,000
Budget estimate, 2010
2,733,803,000
Committee recommendation
2,567,000,000
1 The enacted level includes $1,800,000,000 from Public Law 111-8 and $200,000,000 from Public Law 110-252.

The Committee recommends $2,567,000,000 for Development Assistance, which is $166,803,000 below the request. DA consists of a wide range of poverty-reduction and long-term development activities including agriculture, food security, rural development, education and training, climate change and environment, water, and micro-credit programs.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bangladesh 66,271 66,271
Cambodia 29,000 19,000 -10,000

China 20,000 +20,000
India 10,000 10,000
Indonesia 132,930 71,000 -61,930
Kenya 76,885 77,000 +115
Mexico 17,300 10,000 -7,300
Mongolia 6,800 7,500 +700
Philippines 70,310 35,000 -35,310
Sri Lanka 9,900 10,000 +100
Thailand 6,151 6,151

Timor-Leste 10,335 17,000 +6,665
Vietnam 15,200 15,500 +300
Yemen 35,000 35,000
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROGRAMS
CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS

The Committee recognizes the daunting challenges posed by global warming and the urgent need to help developing countries reduce carbon emissions, adapt to rising temperatures and sea levels, protect biodiversity, and implement policies and practices for the sustainable use of natural resources. The Committee recommends a total of $1,239,500,000 in this act for climate change and environment programs and activities administered by USAID, the Department of State, and the Department of the Treasury. These efforts will also require the participation of the U.S. Forest Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other Federal agencies.

Biodiversity- The Committee continues to support USAID's programs and activities to protect biodiversity, including forests, wildlife, and water ecosystems, and recommends a total of $200,000,000 in fiscal year 2010, which is $5,000,000 above the fiscal year 2009 level. The Committee recommends not less than $25,000,000 for USAID's conservation programs in the Amazon Basin, of which $15,000,000 is for the Initiative for Conservation in the Andean Amazon and $10,000,000 is for such activities in the Brazilian Amazon. In addition, $18,500,000 is recommended for the Congo Basin Forest Partnership, including not less than $2,500,000 for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's program to protect great apes in Central Africa. The Committee supports continued funding for USAID's program to protect the habitat of orangutans in Borneo and Sumatra, and for USAID's program to protect wildlife in the Boma Jonglei area of Southern Sudan.

The Committee also recommends additional assistance for developing countries to protect endangered forests, wildlife, and water ecosystems through international programs administered by the U.S. Forest Service (forest and wildlife conservation) and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (multilateral species and migratory bird conservation). The Committee encourages support for international programs of the U.S. National Park Service (national park management) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (coral reefs and marine-protected areas).

ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2009
1 $7,105,401,000
Budget estimate, 2010

6,504,096,000
Committee recommendation
6,370,000,000
1 The enacted level includes $3,007,000,000 from Public Law 111-8, $1,124,800,000 from Public Law 110-252 and $2,973,601,000 from Public Law 111-32.

The Committee recommends $6,370,000,000 for the Economic Support Fund, which is $134,096,000 below the budget request.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country/program Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa
Horn of Africa and Pan Sahel Program 10,000 +10,000
Sierra Leone 18,000 18,000
Special Court ( 1 ) [7,500] [+7,500]
Sudan 296,034 296,034
East Asia and the Pacific

Burma 36,850 39,850
Cambodia 5,000 15,000 +10,000
Indonesia 300 65,000 +64,700
Mongolia 1,000 +1,000
North Korea-Democracy Programs 98,000 4,000 -94,000
Philippines 35,300 +35,300
Thailand 2,500 +2,500
Tibet 5,000 7,500 +2,500
Timor-Leste 3,500 +3,500

Vietnam 7,500 +7,500
Europe and Eurasia
Cyprus 11,000 11,000
Near East
Egypt 250,000 250,000
Iraq 415,700 375,000 -40,700
Marla Ruzicka Fund ( 1 ) [5,000] [+5,000]
Jordan 363,000 363,000
Lebanon 109,000 109,000

MERC 3,000 5,000 +2,000
Near East Regional Democracy 40,000 40,000
Tunisia 2,000 +2,000
West Bank and Gaza 400,400 400,400
Yemen 10,000 +10,000
TSTCP 6,000 6,000
South and Central Asia
Afghanistan 2,157,932 2,150,000 -7,932
Afghan Civilian Assistance Program (non-add) ( 1 ) [15,000] [+15,000]

National Solidarity Program (non-add) ( 1 ) [100,000] [+100,000]
Women & Girls Programs (non-add) ( 1 ) [150,000] [+150,000]
Nepal 26,015 27,000 +985
Pakistan 1,074,295 1,070,000 -4,295
Pakistan Civilian Assistance Program (non-add) ( 1 ) [5,000] [+5,000]
Western Hemisphere
Colombia 200,660 201,000 +340
Cuba 20,000 20,000

Haiti 124,951 150,000 +25,049
Mexico 3,000 10,000 +7,000
Western Hemisphere Regional 91,106 65,000 -26,106
Economic and Social Development Fund (non-add) ( 1 ) [15,000] [+15,000]
Global Programs
Disability Programs ( 1 ) 5,000 +5,000
Extractive Industries Transparency ( 1 ) 5,000 +5,000
Kimberley Process ( 1 ) 3,000 +3,000
Oceans and International Environment and Scientific Affairs 177,650 182,650 +5,000

Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons 7,183 12,000 +4,817
Reconciliation Programs ( 1 ) 25,000 +25,000
Wheelchairs ( 1 ) 10,000 +10,000
Unallocated ESF ( 1 ) 357,766 ( 1 )
Total, ESF 6,504,096 6,370,000 -134,096
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

COUNTRY ISSUES
Haiti- The Committee recommends a total of $282,393,000 from titles III and IV of this act for assistance for Haiti, including $18,500,000 in INCLE funds, which is $25,049,000 above the budget request. The Committee recommends continued support for programs and activities to reduce pre-trial detention, provide health care and sanitation, and make other improvements to the deplorable conditions in Haiti's prisons.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

Appropriations, 2009

1 $1,561,500,000
Budget estimate, 2010
1,947,451,000
Committee recommendation
1,525,000,000
1 The enacted level includes $875,000,000 from Public Law 111-8, $199,000,000 from Public Law 110-252 and $487,500,000 from Public Law 111-32, of which $94,000,000 is for programs and activities requested for fiscal year 2010. An additional $315,000,000 was also included under the Andean Counterdrug Program account in fiscal year 2009, which was merged into the INCLE account in fiscal year 2010. The total amount provided in fiscal year 2009 for these purposes is $1,876,500,000.

The Committee recommends $1,525,000,000 for International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, which is $422,451,000 below the budget request.

Funds shall be allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Afghanistan 450,000 450,000
Colombia 237,760 248,500 +10,740
Egypt 1,000 1,000

Indonesia 11,570 11,570
Iraq 52,000 52,000
Jordan 1,500 1,500
Lebanon 20,000 20,000
Mexico 459,325 105,000 -354,325
Nepal 3,700 3,700
Pakistan 155,200 155,200
Philippines 1,365 1,365
Thailand 1,400 1,740 +340

West Bank and Gaza 100,000 100,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

COUNTRY ISSUES

Colombia- The Committee continues to support substantial assistance for Colombia, and notes the progress made in improving security in many parts of the country. For fiscal year 2010, the Committee recommends a total of $509,495,000 for assistance for Colombia, including $199,000,000 under the ESF account, $1,695,000 under the IMET account, $53,805,000 under the FMF account, $248,500,000 under the INCLE account, and $6,495,900 under the NADR account. The Committee notes that the TI, MRA and NADR accounts contain notwithstanding authority, but any additional assistance from those accounts is subject to the Committee's regular notification procedures.

The Committee is aware that United States assistance is helping Colombia build state presence in ungoverned territories through the Government of Columbia's Center for Coordination of Integrated Action. Achieving this goal will require the CCAI to increase civilian government agencies' participation in decisionmaking, funding, and on-the-ground presence, and to do more to address inter-agency coordination. CCAI will not succeed if, in practice, it is a mostly military effort. Reports of human rights abuses in CCAI zones, including forced displacement and increased paramilitary presence, should be investigated and punished.

The Committee is concerned with the continuing influence of illegal drug cultivation, production and trafficking, and related corruption, throughout Colombian society. Despite significant United States assistance, the flow of large amounts of illicit drugs to the United States continues, and the violence associated with it plagues large areas of Colombia while it has also spread to other parts of Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. A measure of the continuing severity of the problem is the large number of Colombian refugees and IDPs fleeing drug-related violence. The Committee recommends additional assistance for these vulnerable groups.

The Committee is concerned that the Colombian army has been implicated in a pattern of extra-judicial killings of civilians. While the Ministry of Defense has taken steps to prevent these crimes, few officers have been punished. There are also reports that the Presidential Intelligence Service [DAS] has engaged in illegal surveillance of human rights defenders, judges, journalists and others. The Committee continues restrictions on 30 percent of the military assistance for Colombian, and adds restrictions on assistance to the DAS.

The Committee again recommends funding for the Fiscalia, Procuraduria, and Defensor del Pueblo to support efforts to investigate and hold accountable those responsible for violations of human rights. The Committee also recommends $8,000,000 under the INCLE account for continued support of USAID's human rights activities, which is equal to the fiscal year 2008 level, and expects these funds to be transferred promptly to USAID. The Committee requests to be consulted prior to the obligation of funds.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

COLOMBIA
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Program/activity Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Interdiction, Eradication and Support
Support to Colombian Military:
Army Counterdrug Mobile Brigade 2,000 2,000
Army Aviation Support 36,000 35,000 -1,000
Air Bridge Denial Program 1,000 1,000
Navy Maritime Interdiction Support 5,000 5,000

Subtotal, Support to the Colombian Military 44,000 43,000 -1,000
Support to Colombian National Police:
Aviation Support 55,106 50,000 -5,106
Support for Eradication 60,000 55,000 -5,000
Support for Interdiction 16,000 25,000 +9,000
Subtotal, Support to the Colombian National Police 131,106 130,000 -1,106
Program, Development, and Support:
United States Personnel 2,089 2,029 -60
Locally Employed Staff [LES] 2,391 2,391

ICASS Costs 1,010 1,010
Program Support 1,750 1,270 -480
Subtotal, Program, Development and Support 7,240 6,700 -540
Critical Flight Safety Program:
Huey-II Engines 1,800 1,800
Huey-II Procurement 3,500 3,500
Spray Aircraft Procurement 2,730 -2,730
Huey-II Wiring 1,500 1,500
C208 Depot 700 700

UH-60L Depot 6,000 5,550 -450
Huey-II Depot 4,000 4,000
C-27 Depot 2,600 2,500 -100
AT-802 Depot 2,600 2,500 -100
Aircraft/Aircrew Safety of Flight 3,250 3,250
Subtotal, Critical Flight Safety Program 28,680 25,300 -3,380
Subtotal, Colombia--Interdiction, Eradication and Support 211,026 205,000 -6,026
Rule of Law, Judicial, and Human Rights
Human Rights [USAID] 8,000 +8,000

Judicial Reforms Programs 7,000 8,000 +1,000
Procuraduria General de la Nacion 4,000 +4,000
Defensoria del Pueblo 2,000 +2,000
Office of the Attorney General 13,234 16,500 +3,266
Human Rights Unit [5,000] [+5,000]
Justice and Peace Unit [5,000] [+5,000]
Witness/Victims Protection Program [5,000] [+5,000]
Investigations and Mass Graves [1,500] [+1,500]
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights 500 +500

Carabineros 5,000 3,000 -2,000
Individual Deserter Program 500 500
Demand Reduction 500 500
Culture of Lawfulness
Money Laundering 500 500
Subtotal, Colombia Rule of Law Programs 26,734 43,500 +16,766
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Guatemala- The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for the CICIG to investigate illegal armed forces, clandestine criminal organizations and public corruption and collaborate with the Government of Guatemala in the investigation, prosecution and punishment of those responsible for such crimes, including drug trafficking. The Department of State, USAID and the Department of Justice should assist CICIG through the detail of FBI agents, prosecutors and forensics specialists, and also in determining the requirements for a special court with adequately vetted, protected and supported prosecutors and judges to address the most serious crimes involving organized crime, drug traffickers and public corruption.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

Appropriations, 2009

1 $1,561,500,000
Budget estimate, 2010
1,947,451,000
Committee recommendation
1,525,000,000
1 The enacted level includes $875,000,000 from Public Law 111-8, $199,000,000 from Public Law 110-252 and $487,500,000 from Public Law 111-32, of which $94,000,000 is for programs and activities requested for fiscal year 2010. An additional $315,000,000 was also included under the Andean Counterdrug Program account in fiscal year 2009, which was merged into the INCLE account in fiscal year 2010. The total amount provided in fiscal year 2009 for these purposes is $1,876,500,000.

The Committee recommends $1,525,000,000 for International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, which is $422,451,000 below the budget request.

Funds shall be allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Afghanistan 450,000 450,000
Colombia 237,760 248,500 +10,740
Egypt 1,000 1,000

Indonesia 11,570 11,570
Iraq 52,000 52,000
Jordan 1,500 1,500
Lebanon 20,000 20,000
Mexico 459,325 105,000 -354,325
Nepal 3,700 3,700
Pakistan 155,200 155,200
Philippines 1,365 1,365
Thailand 1,400 1,740 +340

West Bank and Gaza 100,000 100,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

COUNTRY ISSUES

Colombia- The Committee continues to support substantial assistance for Colombia, and notes the progress made in improving security in many parts of the country. For fiscal year 2010, the Committee recommends a total of $509,495,000 for assistance for Colombia, including $199,000,000 under the ESF account, $1,695,000 under the IMET account, $53,805,000 under the FMF account, $248,500,000 under the INCLE account, and $6,495,900 under the NADR account. The Committee notes that the TI, MRA and NADR accounts contain notwithstanding authority, but any additional assistance from those accounts is subject to the Committee's regular notification procedures.

The Committee is aware that United States assistance is helping Colombia build state presence in ungoverned territories through the Government of Columbia's Center for Coordination of Integrated Action. Achieving this goal will require the CCAI to increase civilian government agencies' participation in decisionmaking, funding, and on-the-ground presence, and to do more to address inter-agency coordination. CCAI will not succeed if, in practice, it is a mostly military effort. Reports of human rights abuses in CCAI zones, including forced displacement and increased paramilitary presence, should be investigated and punished.

The Committee is concerned with the continuing influence of illegal drug cultivation, production and trafficking, and related corruption, throughout Colombian society. Despite significant United States assistance, the flow of large amounts of illicit drugs to the United States continues, and the violence associated with it plagues large areas of Colombia while it has also spread to other parts of Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. A measure of the continuing severity of the problem is the large number of Colombian refugees and IDPs fleeing drug-related violence. The Committee recommends additional assistance for these vulnerable groups.

The Committee is concerned that the Colombian army has been implicated in a pattern of extra-judicial killings of civilians. While the Ministry of Defense has taken steps to prevent these crimes, few officers have been punished. There are also reports that the Presidential Intelligence Service [DAS] has engaged in illegal surveillance of human rights defenders, judges, journalists and others. The Committee continues restrictions on 30 percent of the military assistance for Colombian, and adds restrictions on assistance to the DAS.

The Committee again recommends funding for the Fiscalia, Procuraduria, and Defensor del Pueblo to support efforts to investigate and hold accountable those responsible for violations of human rights. The Committee also recommends $8,000,000 under the INCLE account for continued support of USAID's human rights activities, which is equal to the fiscal year 2008 level, and expects these funds to be transferred promptly to USAID. The Committee requests to be consulted prior to the obligation of funds.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

COLOMBIA
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Program/activity Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Interdiction, Eradication and Support
Support to Colombian Military:
Army Counterdrug Mobile Brigade 2,000 2,000
Army Aviation Support 36,000 35,000 -1,000
Air Bridge Denial Program 1,000 1,000
Navy Maritime Interdiction Support 5,000 5,000

Subtotal, Support to the Colombian Military 44,000 43,000 -1,000
Support to Colombian National Police:
Aviation Support 55,106 50,000 -5,106
Support for Eradication 60,000 55,000 -5,000
Support for Interdiction 16,000 25,000 +9,000
Subtotal, Support to the Colombian National Police 131,106 130,000 -1,106
Program, Development, and Support:
United States Personnel 2,089 2,029 -60
Locally Employed Staff [LES] 2,391 2,391

ICASS Costs 1,010 1,010
Program Support 1,750 1,270 -480
Subtotal, Program, Development and Support 7,240 6,700 -540
Critical Flight Safety Program:
Huey-II Engines 1,800 1,800
Huey-II Procurement 3,500 3,500
Spray Aircraft Procurement 2,730 -2,730
Huey-II Wiring 1,500 1,500
C208 Depot 700 700

UH-60L Depot 6,000 5,550 -450
Huey-II Depot 4,000 4,000
C-27 Depot 2,600 2,500 -100
AT-802 Depot 2,600 2,500 -100
Aircraft/Aircrew Safety of Flight 3,250 3,250
Subtotal, Critical Flight Safety Program 28,680 25,300 -3,380
Subtotal, Colombia--Interdiction, Eradication and Support 211,026 205,000 -6,026
Rule of Law, Judicial, and Human Rights
Human Rights [USAID] 8,000 +8,000

Judicial Reforms Programs 7,000 8,000 +1,000
Procuraduria General de la Nacion 4,000 +4,000
Defensoria del Pueblo 2,000 +2,000
Office of the Attorney General 13,234 16,500 +3,266
Human Rights Unit [5,000] [+5,000]
Justice and Peace Unit [5,000] [+5,000]
Witness/Victims Protection Program [5,000] [+5,000]
Investigations and Mass Graves [1,500] [+1,500]
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights 500 +500

Carabineros 5,000 3,000 -2,000
Individual Deserter Program 500 500
Demand Reduction 500 500
Culture of Lawfulness
Money Laundering 500 500
Subtotal, Colombia Rule of Law Programs 26,734 43,500 +16,766
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Guatemala- The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for the CICIG to investigate illegal armed forces, clandestine criminal organizations and public corruption and collaborate with the Government of Guatemala in the investigation, prosecution and punishment of those responsible for such crimes, including drug trafficking. The Department of State, USAID and the Department of Justice should assist CICIG through the detail of FBI agents, prosecutors and forensics specialists, and also in determining the requirements for a special court with adequately vetted, protected and supported prosecutors and judges to address the most serious crimes involving organized crime, drug traffickers and public corruption.

REPORTS

The Committee directs the Department of State, as instructed, to submit the following reports:

Merida Initiative-

--Central America- The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a report not later than 45 days after enactment of this act, for each of the countries of Central America receiving assistance under the Merida Initiative, including Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The report should detail the threats or problems to be addressed, realistic goals and planned actions to achieve them (including planned uses of U.S. assistance), amounts to be invested by the countries themselves, and expected results.

--Mexico- The Committee directs the Secretary of State, not later than 180 days after enactment of this act, to submit a report detailing the uses of Merida funds in Mexico, progress to date, any planned adjustments in the uses of funds, and post-Merida plans including anticipated funding requirements for Mexico and the Central American countries for the next 3 fiscal years.

--Mexican Federal Registry of Police Personnel- In fiscal year 2008, the Congress provided $3,000,000 for technical and other assistance to enable the Government of Mexico to create a unified national police registry. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a report not later than 45 days after enactment of this act, detailing the extent to which the Mexican Federal Registry of Police Personnel is operational and effective, particularly for vetting police at the national, state and municipal levels to prevent rehiring from one force to another after dismissal for corruption or other causes. The report should also describe mechanisms in place to investigate, sanction or retrain police who do not pass performance evaluations implemented through police evaluation centers (centros de control de confianza).

MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2009
1 $1,671,000,000
Budget estimate, 2010
1,480,444,000
Committee recommendation
1,677,800,000

1 The enacted level includes $931,000,000 from Public Law 111-8, $350,000,000 from Public Law 110-252 and $390,000,000 from Public Law 111-32.

The Committee recommends $1,677,800,000 for Migration and Refugee Assistance, which is $197,356,000 above the request.

The Committee is concerned with the suffering of all refugees and IDPs, and notes that refugees and IDPs with disabilities have particular difficulties obtaining services. The Committee directs the Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to work with other governments and humanitarian organizations to ensure that assistance programs take into account the special needs of persons with disabilities and that they are included in the design and implementation of programs.

Colombia- The Committee recommends additional assistance for Colombian IDPs and refugees.

TITLE IV

INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT
INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Appropriations, 2009
1 $93,000,000
Budget estimate, 2010
110,283,000
Committee recommendation
105,150,000

1 The enacted level includes $91,000,000 from Public Law 111-8 and $2,000,000 from Public Law 111-32.

The Committee provides $105,150,000 for International Military Education and Training, which is $5,133,000 below the budget request.

FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2009
1 $6,231,500,000

Budget estimate, 2010
5,274,390,000
Committee recommendation
3,989,000,000
1 The enacted level includes $4,635,000,000 from Public Law 111-8, $302,500,000 from Public Law 110-252 and $1,294,000,000 from Public Law 111-32, of which $1,225,000,000 is for programs and actives requested for fiscal year 2010.

The Committee recommends $3,989,000,000 for the Foreign Military Financing Program, which is $1,285,390,000 below the budget request.

The Committee notes that of the $1,225,000,000 in FMF assistance provided in Public Law 111-32 for programs and activities requested for fiscal year 2010, $555,000,000 is for assistance for Israel, $260,000,000 is for assistance for Egypt, $150,000,000 is for assistance for Jordan, and $260,000,000 is for assistance for Mexico.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
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Country/program Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
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Bahrain 19,500 19,000 -500
Cambodia 1,000 1,000
Colombia 66,390 53,805 -12,585
Egypt 1,300,000 1,040,000 -260,000
Ethiopia 3,000 843 -2,157

Georgia 16,000 16,000
Indonesia 20,000 20,000
Israel 2,775,000 2,220,000 -555,000
Jordan 300,000 150,000 -150,000
Lebanon 100,000 100,000
Mexico 10,500 -10,500
Philippines 15,650 33,000 +17,350
Poland 47,000 47,000
Thailand 1,060 1,600 +540

Tunisia 15,000 15,000
Turkmenistan 1,500 1,500
Vietnam 1,345 2,000 +655
Yemen 10,000 15,000 +5,000
FMF, Administrative Expenses 54,464 54,464
Unallocated FMF ( 1 ) 198,788 ( 1 )
Subtotal, FMF 5,274,390 3,989,000 -1,285,390
Subtotal, Appropriated in Public Law 111-32 for Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Mexico ( 1 ) 1,225,000 +1,225,000
Total, FMF 5,274,390 5,214,000 -60,390

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Human Rights Vetting- The Committee supports the Department of State's efforts to monitor the use of U.S. military training and equipment provided to foreign security forces, but is concerned that the vetting process is uneven among U.S. Embassies and falls short in some countries where the military or police have a history of human rights violations. The Committee also notes that the budget request includes FMF assistance for eight countries in Africa that have not received FMF in recent years. The Committee recommends transfer of not less than $2,000,000 to DRL for training and other personnel resources to strengthen the vetting process, which continues an initiative begun in fiscal year 2008.

REPORTS

Human Rights Vetting- The Committee directs the Department of State to submit a report not later than 90 days after enactment of this act detailing the appropriate number of Embassy personnel to carry out vetting procedures under the Leahy amendment in each country receiving IMET or FMF assistance. The Department should include any criteria used to determine the appropriate number of personnel, including assistance levels and the incidence of human rights concerns.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2009
$352,500,000
Budget estimate, 2010
356,550,000
Committee recommendation

393,000,000

The Committee provides $393,000,000 for International Organizations and Programs, which is $36,450,000 above the budget request.

Funds are allocated in the following table and subject to the requirements of section 7019 of this act:

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
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Organization Fiscal year 2010 request Committee recommendation Change fromrequest
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Center for Human Settlements 2,000 2,100 +100

IMO Maritime Security Programs 400 500 +100
International Civil Aviation Organization 950 1,000 +50
International Conservation Programs 7,000 7,500 +500
International Contributions for Scientific, Educational, and Cultural Activities 1,000 1,100 +100
International Development Law Organization 600 600
International Panel on Climate Change/U.N. Framework on Climate Change 12,500 13,500 +1,000
Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund 25,500 25,500
OAS Development Assistance Programs 5,000 5,100 +100
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy 3,000 3,100 +100

U.N. Capital Development Fund 5,000 1,000 -4,000
U.N. Children's Fund 128,000 132,500 +4,500
U.N. Democracy Fund 14,000 4,500 -9,500
U.N. Development Fund for Women 1,500 5,500 +4,000
U.N. Development Program 75,300 101,000 +25,700
U.N. Environment Program 11,000 12,000 +1,000
U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 3,000 3,500 +500
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights 8,000 +8,000
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights 1,400 1,500 +100

U.N. Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture 6,000 7,100 +1,100
UNIFEM Trust Fund 3,000 +3,000
World Meteorological Organization 2,200 2,200
World Trade Organization Technical Assistance 1,200 1,200
U.N. Population Fund 50,000 50,000
Total, IO&P 356,550 393,000 +36,450
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CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

Appropriations, 2009
...........................
Budget estimate, 2010
$4,670,000
Committee recommendation
4,670,000

The Committee recommends $4,670,000 for a contribution to the Inter-American Investment Corporation, which is equal to the budget request.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2009
$25,000,000
Budget estimate, 2010
25,000,000
Committee recommendation
25,000,000

The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for a contribution to the Multilateral Investment Fund, which is equal to the budget request.

The Committee recognizes the urgent and widespread need for clean water and sanitation in Haiti to promote health and development, and recommends that the Department of the Treasury, the Department of State, and USAID encourage the IDB to allocate additional resources to support the construction of a municipal water system in Port-au-Prince.

TITLE VII

GENERAL PROVISIONS

* * * * * * *

COLOMBIA

Sec. 7046. * * *

* * * * * * *

    (b) * * *
      (1) * * *
        (A) * * *
        (B) * * *
          (i) * * *

* * * * * * *

          [Struck out->][ (iv) The Government of Colombia is respecting the rights of Colombia's indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities, and the Colombian Armed Forces are implementing procedures to distinguish between civilians, including displaced persons, and combatants in their operations. ][<-Struck out]
          (iv) That the Government of Colombia is respecting the rights of human rights defenders, journalists, trade unionists, political opposition and religious leaders, and indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities, and the Colombian Armed Forces are implementing strict procedures to distinguish between civilians, including displaced persons, and combatants in their operations.
      (2) The balance of such funds may be obligated after [Struck out->][ July 31, 2009 ][<-Struck out] July 31, 2010, if, prior to such obligation, the Secretary of State consults with, and submits a written certification to, the Committees on Appropriations that the Government of Colombia is continuing to meet the requirements described in paragraph (1) and is conducting vigorous operations to strengthen civilian institutions and respect for internationally recognized human rights in areas under the influence of paramilitary organizations or successor armed groups and guerrilla organizations.
      (3) CERTAIN FUNDS EXEMPTED- The requirement to withhold funds from obligation shall not apply with respect to funds made available under the heading ` [Struck out->][ Andean Counterdrug Programs ][<-Struck out] International Narcotics and Law Enforcement' in this Act for continued support for the Critical Flight Safety Program or for any alternative development programs in Colombia administered by the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs of the Department of State.

* * * * * * *

    (c) CONSULTATIVE PROCESS- Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter until [Struck out->][ September 30, 2009 ][<-Struck out] September 30, 2010, the Secretary of State shall consult with Colombian and internationally recognized human rights organizations regarding progress in meeting the requirements contained in subsection (b)(1).
    (d) * * *
      (1) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Of the funds appropriated in this Act under the heading `Economic Support Fund', up to [Struck out->][ $16,760,000 ][<-Struck out] $18,606,000 may be made available in [Struck out->][ fiscal year 2009 ][<-Struck out] fiscal year 2010 for assistance for the reintegration of former members of foreign terrorist organizations (FTOs) or other illegal armed groups in Colombia, if the Secretary of State consults with and makes a certification described in paragraph (2) to the Committees on Appropriations prior to the initial obligation of amounts for such assistance for the fiscal year involved.