Fact Sheets

More than five years into the Obama Administration's major overhaul of the U.S. arms export control system, what are some of the key questions and concerns that have emerged? This question and answer fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Export Control Reform Initiative and highlights some of the potential concerns.

The United States invests over $15 billion in foreign military and police aid every year, but what are the risks when such aid accounts for a large percentage of foreign national defense budgets? The following image depicts the top ten countries most reliant on U.S. military aid in 2015 and some of the risks associated with such practices.

On November 25, 2015, the President signed into law the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2016 (S. 1356) to authorize Defense Department programs and policies for next year. While renewing many previously created military aid funding authorities, this law authorizes four new military aid authorities or programs (see the asterisk for these authorities) worth a total $478 million. The legislation creates or extends several new military aid restrictions, policy statements, and reports. The new law also includes $5 billion in budgetary cuts after the President vetoed an earlier version of the bill submitted to him by Congress in October. The following table shows the key differences between this new law and earlier House and Senate passed bills.