Brief: Demystifying End-Use Monitoring in U.S. Arms Exports
Security Assistance Monitor, CIVIC, Stimson
A new brief from the Security Assistance Monitor, the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC), and the Stimson Center examines the myths, misconceptions, and realities of End-Use Monitoring in U.S. arms sales – practices that are intended to ensure U.S. weaponry are not diverted, lost, or misused.
The United States remains the world’s largest purveyor of arms, representing nearly 37% of global arms exports between 2015 and 2020. In 2020 alone, the U.S. government approved over $110 billion in arms sales to countries in every corner of the globe. Concerned about U.S. arms facilitating human rights violations, civilian harm in conflict, and corruption, U.S. lawmakers and advocates have long sought to create safeguards against the misuse of the billions in American weaponry shipped abroad every year. End-use monitoring (EUM) is intended to be the answer to those concerns and is aimed at satisfying statutory requirements for the U.S. government to provide assurances that American arms are not being misused, diverted, or otherwise violating the terms of their export. Unfortunately, the current EUM regime fails to address today’s concerns about the human impact of U.S. arms transfers. The brief is intended to give an overview of current EUM policies, dispel commonly held misconceptions of current EUM practice, and offer recommendations for how these regulations could be strengthened.
To read the full brief and its findings click here.
Event Reminder: Learning From The Afghanistan Experience: Re-Assessing U.S. Weapon and Security Assistance
Please join the Forum on the Arms Trade and Security Assistance Monitor for a conversation examining lessons learned from security assistance in Afghanistan and the potential consequences of weapons lost there, as well as insights that should be applied to existing security assistance efforts in the Middle East and elsewhere, especially those riddled by corruption.
Tamim Asey, Founder and Executive Chairman, Institute of War & Peace Studies
James Cunningham, Project Lead, Security Sector Assistance, Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR)
Jodi Vittori, Co-chair, Global Politics and Security Program, Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service; Non-Resident Fellow, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Elias Yousif, Deputy Director, Security Assistance Monitor, Center for International Policy
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